What is UPSC and How to Prepare for UPSC

By: Admin | Posted on: Jun 14, 2020

What is UPSC?

  • Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is India’s central agency, that conducts various competitive exams for filling various government job posts like Civil Services Exam, IFS, NDA, CDS, SCRA, etc. Civil services examination otherwise known as the IAS exam which includes almost 24 services like IRS, IFS, IPS, IRPS, and so on. 

  • Civil Services or UPSC exam is one of the most difficult, reputed, and tough to clear exams in India. it is conducted in three phases manner.

  • For detailed list of examinations conducted by UPSC, check here

  • A preliminary examination consisting of two objective-type papers and the main examination consisting of nine papers of conventional type, in which two papers are qualifying and only marks of seven are counted followed by a personality test.

  • The revised UPSC calender is published on 05/06/2020. UPSC Calender - 05/06/2020


How to Start IAS or UPSC Preparation:

  • For aspirants of UPSC, the preparation should start from two to three years before they plan to attempt the exam. This time is considered sufficient for the preparation of the UPSC or Civil Services Examination.

  • The reading and understanding of all the required subjects is the basic requirement to start the preparation. Aspirants should focus on understanding various concepts thoroughly from their early education itself. This will create the much-needed focus and mindset for the aspirants to start their preparation and the give much need head start.

  • Reading the NCERT books give preliminary knowledge to the students. They will also develop basic analytical and language understanding abilities.

  • Reading the NewsPapers is the must habit for the UPSC aspirants. the prominence of the current issues in the preliminary exams has increased. Aspirants should read national newspapers like  The Hindu, Indian Express, The Times Of India, etc.

  • In recent years, the weightage of questions related to current issues has been raised in the preliminary examination paper.


The preparation for the Civil Services or UPSC exam should start from an early age with reading the current affairs and gaining knowledge on various aspects of the syllabus topics. Find your mentor and follow their guidelines. the preparation strategy and guidance are the keys for most of the successful aspirants.


Eligibility Criteria For UPSC Exams

Below are the eligibility criteria for the UPSC exams

  • Nationality:

           a) citizen of India

           b) a subject of Nepal

           c) a subject of Bhutan

           d) a refugee from Tibet who came to India with the intention of permanently settling before January 01, 1962.


  •  Age Limit:

Category UPSC Age Limit- Upper limit relaxation The Number of Attempts
General 32 6
OBC 35 9
SC/ST 37 Unlimited or till the age limit
Defence Services Personnel 35 9
Persons with
Benchmark Disability EWS 
35 9


  • Educational Qualifications:                  

  1. The candidate should hold a valid BACHELOR'S degree from any of the recognized Universities incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of the Parliament or declared deemed as a University, under the Section-3 of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, or who possess an equivalent qualification. 

  2. Candidates who intend to appear for the final examination or appeared and are waiting for the results are also eligible to apply for the UPSC  Preliminary Examination.

  3. Candidates who qualify the Prelims examination must provide a proof of Bachelor's Degree to appear for the Civil Services Main Examination. Candidate should attach the Degree certificate to their application for the Main Examinations.

  4. In some exceptional cases, the UPSC may treat a candidate without the foregoing requisite qualification as an eligible candidate. If he/she has passed any other examination conducted by other institutions, this should be agreed upon by the UPSC Commission.

  5. Candidates with other professional or technical bachelor's degrees that are recognized by the Government of India are also eligible to apply. Such degrees are MBBS, BE, etc.

  6. Candidates who have cleared the final year of MBBS but are yet to complete the mandatory internship can also appear for UPSC Main Examination. However, the candidate should submit a certificate from the concerned authority of the Institution/University that they passed the final professional examination along with the Main Examination application. At the Interview stage, the candidate must produce the certificate from a competent authority that they have completed (including other addons) and all the requirements of the Medical Degree.


How to read Newspapers for UPSC preparation?

Reading newspapers is very crucial, another word practicing current affairs is a very important part of UPSC or IAS preparation.

  • Is Newspaper Reading necessary for UPSC CSE preparation?

It is extremely crucial, more so in the recent pattern, where a lot of focus is on the dynamic parts and current affairs. Additionally, newspapers act as a tool to augment vocabulary, improve reading skills, and help in clarifying concepts. Moreover, for me, the newspaper also provided a source of recreation and helped me to wake up from the bed.

  • Which section of the newspaper should you read?

The most important is the middle pages that of Op-Ed and Editorial. But, here too be careful, and avoid reading Political editorials. Choose those that enrich your knowledge eg that of C Rajamohan or that of Surjit Bhalla in IE.

  • Read the National Section and especially look for court judgments, schemes, and review reports.

  • For International Relations, no need to be worried about the daily changes. Just follow the trends.

  • Make notes out of Newspaper:

You must make notes out of the newspaper or out of almost anything you read. ( not in the very initial stage of preparation though) I appreciate the fact that UPSC CSE is a very long exam, almost like a marathon. It is humanly impossible to remember everything relevant one year later after you have read it. Making notes helps you retain it. Plus making notes helps you become more goal-oriented while reading the newspaper.


How to Prepare for Current Affairs in Civil Services/UPSC Exam

  • Limit your sources

  • Limit your time

  • Focus on issues, not news

  • Learn to make notes online

  • Read. Revise. Execute

Try free online current affairs quiz with govtjobposts here - Govt Job Posts current Affairs


How to utilize your Last Few Days before Prelims?

  • Solve a test paper a day

  • Read and try and learn about the following. But there is no need to go into minute details

  • Environmental bodies and vulnerability status of a few main animals

  • Pre 365 materials – especially government schemes and the gist of science

  • Countries map especially regions like SE Asia – Java

  • Hills and mountains maps of India

  • Key reports and the institution that publishes them

  • Articles, Directive Principles

  • Spectrum History – Last few pages – Societies, Some newspapers


Postings in UPSC- 3 types of Civil Services

1. All India Services

  • Indian Administrative Service (IAS)

  • Indian Police Service (IPS)

  • Indian Forest Service (IFoS)

2. Group ‘A’ Civil Services

  • Indian Foreign Service (IFS)

  • Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS)

  • Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)

  • Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)

  • Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)

  • Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS)

  • Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES)

  • Indian Information Service (IIS)

  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)

  • Indian Communication Finance Services (ICFS)

  • Indian Postal Service (IPoS)

  • Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)

  • Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)

  • Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)

  • Indian Revenue Service (IRS)

  • Indian Trade Service (ITS)

  • Railway Protection Force (RPF)

3. Group ‘B’ Civil Services

  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service



  • Pondicherry Civil Service

  • Pondicherry Police Service


We hope this article gave some basic ideas on how to prepare for  Civil Services Exams. 

Stay focused and motivated. 




Tags : Govt Job posts How to Prepare for IAS Postings in UPSC UPSC Eligibility Preparation Current Affairs

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