Know Everything about NAGALAND
Nagaland may be a state within the far north-eastern a part of India. It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and a part of Assam to the north, Myanmar to the east and Manipur to the south. The capital is Kohima, and therefore the largest city is Dimapur. It has a neighbourhood of 16,579 km2 with a population of 1,980,602 as per the2011 census, making it one among the littlest states of India.
Agriculture is that the most vital economic activity and therefore the principal crops include rice, corn, millets, pulses, tobacco, oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes, and fibres. The state has experienced insurgency also as inter-ethnic conflict, since the 1950s. In the last 15 years, the state has seen less violence and annual economic process rates nearing 10% on a compounded basis, one among the fastest within the region.
The state is usually mountainous except those areas bordering Assam valley. Mount Saramati is that the highest peak with a height of three, 840 metres and its range forms a natural barrier between Nagaland and Burma. The state is home to an upscale sort of flora and fauna; it's been suggested because of the "falcon capital of the world".
Nagaland is basically a land of agriculture. The contribution of the agricultural sector within the state is extremely significant. Rice is the staple food. It occupies about 70 per cent of the entire area under cultivation and constitutes about 75 per cent of the entire food production within the state.
The major land use pattern is slash and burns cultivation locally referred to as Jhum. Total cultivable areas are 7 21,924 hectares. The area under jhum and terraced cultivation is about 1,01,400 hectare
Facts about Nagaland:
Issue A Inner Line Permit To Enter The State Of Nagaland:
Among one of the few states in the country that require a permit to enter its periphery, Nagaland, the land of ephemeral beauty, welcomes you! You are not around to roam around the streets of Nagaland let alone enter the state without an Inner Line Permit. The Government of Nagaland issues this to every tourist entering the state from interstate borders, 'permitting' a temporary stay. The only city in Nagaland that doesn't get to check your ILP, is that the city of Dimapur, Nagaland's porthead and therefore the largest city.
Home To The Hornbill Festival:
One of the foremost cherished festivals of the state, the Hornbill Festival may be a rich traditional fiesta, celebrated with much enthusiasm and zeal. Named after one of the most venerated bird species, Hornbill, the festival reflects the importance of the bird in a number of tribal performances. Typically celebrated in the first week of December, the Hornbill Festival is one of the largest celebrations of the indigenous warrior tribes of Nagaland. Soak in the indigenous traditions and culture of the Naga tribes and immerse yourself in the festivities as the entire state gets decked up during the celebrations.
Land Of World’s Hottest Chilli Pepper:
Did you know that Nagaland is home to the insanely hot and spicy chilli pepper, the Bhut Jolokia? Touted as the world's hottest chilli pepper, the Bhut Jolokia or ghost pepper is most likely to be found in the backyards of every Naga home. The pepper holding the title in Guinness Book Of World Record of being the hottest chilli pepper is definitely worth a try. Native to the lands of the state, the Bhut Jolokia is nearly 400 times hotter than the much famed and recognised Tabasco sauce.
The Naga Shawl Being Symbolic Of The Social Hierarchy:
The vibrant red impeccable Naga weaves with vivid designs and patterns are actually symbolic of the social hierarchy of the state. The striking Naga shawls have more to it than just appealing patterns and colours. The shawls are the foremost significant piece of clothing within the Naga society and determine the social station of an individual donning them. Each tribe has its own distinctive design, pattern and style that helps to discern one from the other.
Not One Naga Tribe Or Language In Particular:
16 major tribes with myriads of small-scale tribes inhabit Nagaland. There is nothing known as 'Naga tribe' or 'Naga language' in particular. Every tribe is exclusive in its inherent traditions, culture and even the language they speak. Different tribes have different customs and languages. English being the official language of the state, another language is spoken widely is the Nagamese language, a Creole dialect that has borrowed words from Assamese. Nagamese is often used by the people of different tribes to interact and communicate with each other.
Art and Culture of Nagaland:
Art and Craft:
Though the main occupation of the Nagaland people is irrigation, they have been blessed with dexterity, especially the women. The ordinary metals like iron, brass and tin are wont to make exquisite jewellery within the sort of armlets, neckbands, bangles and far more. Beads are also used to make beautiful necklaces.
The Nagas have carried their traditional art of weaving by knitting unique colours and designs producing shawls, shoulder bags, table mats, etc which reflect the integrity and soul of their ancient dynamics. The present generation has stepped into the fashion industry producing the fabrics that represent the amalgamation of ancestral motifs and modern appeal. The tourists get mesmerised by such a beautiful display of handicrafts and tend to buy a lot of souvenirs. The craft isn't just limited to fabric and metals, wooden carvings and bamboo works also are an important a part of the craft of those people.
Folk Dance and Music of Nagaland:
Owing to the joie de vivre nature of Nagas, dance and music are an essential part of their culture. The tribal dance and music will set your feet tapping. The dance is generally performed in groups on the folk songs perfectly synchronised with music through various musical instruments such as Asem (drums), Tati, Mouth Organ, Bamboo Flute, etc. The tribal dance becomes more extravagant by the virtue of the colourful and unique traditional costumes and jewellery. The folk songs narrate the stories of bravery, romance and historic incidents.
Festivals of Nagaland:
There is an essence of celebration in the air throughout the year in Nagaland. The diversity of tribes in the region leads to a yearlong ambience of joy through various fairs and festivities organised from time to time. Some of the foremost important festivals celebrated by different tribal groups are Suhkruhnye, Yemshe, Sekrenyi, Moatsu Mong, Bushu and lots of others. The general festivals like Christmas, New Year, etc also are celebrated in accordance with the tribal festivals.
The soft and sweet spoken Nagaland people don't mind spiciness in their food. The kitchen in every household of Nagaland has some bargain of spices stored. Even the ginger used by the people in this region is different from the regular one. The spiciness and aroma which their ginger comprises are hard to seek out elsewhere. Nagaland is the home of Bhut Jolokia, one of the spiciest chillies in the world.
The people here prefer steaming their food to frying. The locally grown herbs, ghost peppers, ginger and garlic are used tons in most the dishes.
Smoked pork cooked with fermented soya bean is that the dish of state cherished alongside rice and chutney called Tathu.
Governor - R.N Ravi
Chief Minister - Neiphiu Rio
Capital - Kohima
Districts - 12
Population - 22.8 lakhs
Area - 16,579 Km2
GDP - Rs.0.222 lakh crore
Hope this article about Nagaland is useful and informative for you all.