Know Everything About Meghalaya

By: Admin | Posted on: Oct 2, 2020

Meghalaya is a hilly state in northeastern India. The name is derived from the Sanskrit word means "the abode of clouds". Meghalaya covers a neighborhood of roughly 22,430 square kilometers, with a length to breadth ratio of about 3:1.

Meghalaya was established as a sovereign state within the state of Assam on 2 April 1970. The full-fledged State of Meghalaya came into existence on 21 January 1972. It is bounded on the north and east by Assam, and on the south and west by Bangladesh. Meghalaya, literally meaning the abode of clouds, is actually a hilly state. It is predominantly inhabited by the Khasis, the Jaintias, and therefore the Garo tribal communities. 

Meghalaya is essentially an agrarian state, during which about 80 percent of the population depend totally on agriculture for his or her livelihood. The State attributes a huge potential for developing agriculture thanks to agro-climatic variations, which supply much capacity for the cultivation of temperate, subtropical, and tropical fruits and vegetables.


  • Facts about Meghalaya:

  • Mawlynnong in Meghalaya is the cleanest village in India. Everybody says no to the village.

  • Approximately 70 percent of the population in Meghalaya practices Christianity as their religion. The remaining 13 percent pursue Hinduism and only 4 percent practice, Islam.

  • It is the only Indian state that follows the Matrilineal system, where Lineage and inheritance is traced through women.

  • The tree root bridges of Cherrapunji are made of roots of living trees that resemble a suspension bridge.

  • Maysynram holds the record for receiving the highest rainfall on earth. The average annual rainfall is recorded to be 11,871 MM.

  • Krem Liat Prah is India's longest cave located in Jaintia hills. It's known for its enormous trunk Passage, The Aircraft Hangar.

  • The 262-foot tall waterfall derives its name from a Thlen or a Gigantic Snake that dwelt here. According to the legends, it was slaughtered by people somewhere near the falls.


Art and Culture of Meghalaya:


  • Art and Craft of Meghalaya:

        The art and craft of Meghalaya have a uniqueness of its own. They are very intricately made and beautiful to look at. Tourists coming to this northeastern part are mesmerized to see the sheer wonder of art and craft of Meghalaya. The abundance of bamboo makes it possible for the artists to make the bamboo and cane products. The three tribes of Meghalaya the Garos, the Khasis, and the Jaintias are apt in making different kinds of cane and bamboo products and in weaving. These products have now received recognition not only within the national market but also within the international market and are much in demand.


  • Jewelry and Costumes of Meghalaya:

The tribes of Meghalaya have distinct jewelry and costumes of their own. The costumes of the Khasis include Jainsem and Tapmohkhlieh. The costumes of the Jaintiasare the same as the Khasis with the addition of the Kyrshah, Though Khyrwang, Dakmanda, and so on. The Garos wear Rigitok. The costumes are made by the tribes in a unique way that is very beautiful in traditional design.

The jewelry of the Khasis and the Jaintias are also mostly the same. The pendant is called Kynjri Ksiar and Palia+


  • Cuisines of Meghalaya:

The staple food of Meghalaya is rice taken with spicy meat and fish preparations. The people of Meghalaya rear goats, pigs, fowl, ducks, and cows and savor their meat. The food types differ among different communities of the people. The Khasi and Jaintia people have their popular dishes like Jadoh, Ki Kpu, Tung Rymbai, and pickled bamboo shoots.

     The Garos on the other hand have their dishes like rice cooked with Kapa (cooked with special ingredients filtered with ash water), steaming foods like Minil Songa, Sakkin Gata, Nakam, and dry meat among others. Some of these foods are prepared by keeping them on bamboo shoots. The Garos eat almost any animal besides domesticated. They also ferment rice beer which is a traditional beer consumed during ceremonies and celebrations. The staple food of Meghalaya is Pork. This northeastern state basically has all the non-vegetarians dishes in the cuisine.

  • Dance and Music of Meghalaya:

The state of Meghalaya has many tribes and races living together in harmony. As such, there is a myriad of traditional dances and music of Meghalaya. The music of Meghalaya is characterized by folk songs and music accentuated by traditional instruments. These folk songs relate tales of birth, marriage, love, and other issues. The state of Meghalaya also has a flair for western music with many rock bands from this part of the country taking part in rock concerts. The state has also hosted some of the major rock concerts of popular national and international bands.

The Garos generally sing folk songs concerning birth, marriage, festivals, love and heroic deeds. The songs are sung on the music of drums and flutes. The Khasis and Jaintias are particularly fond of songs that praise nature like lakes, waterfalls, hills, etc. and also express love for their land. They use different types of musical instruments like drums, duitara, and instruments almost like guitar, flutes, pipes, and cymbals.

 There are also many different dance forms in Meghalaya. Some of these are:

  • Nongkrem Dance

  • Ka Shad Suk Mynsiem

  • Doregata Dance

  • The Chambil Mesara or Pomelo Dance

  • Lahoo Dance


Festivals of Meghalaya:

There are many traditional festivals celebrated in Meg

Khasi Festivals in Meghalaya:

Khasi people are very fond of dance and music. The Khasi people perform dances at the level of individual villages known as Shnong or a group of villages called Raid or a conglomeration of Raids known as Hima. Regional and local colors and flavors bring variations to the basic Khasi dance form, which is universal in their folk culture. Some of the festivals celebrated among the Khasi people are:

  • Shad Suk Mynsiem

  • Ka Pom-Blang Nongkrem

  • Ka-Shad-Kynjoh Khaskain


Jaintia Festivals in Meghalaya:

     Like others, the festivals of the Jaintia Hills, significantly contribute to maintaining a balance between man and his culture and also his eco-system or natural environment. Festival celebrated in the Jaintia hills include:

  • Behdienkhlam:

                Behdienkhlam is an important festival of the people of Jaintia Hills. The festival is celebrated annually in the month of July after the sowing period. Young men make a representative sign of driving away of the evil spirit, disease, and virus by beating the roof of every house with bamboo poles. Also, poles of great length are held across the stream of Wah-Ait-Nar. People jump on the poles and break them while dancing in the muddy pool of water. A large pole is placed across the stream and two groups contend for the possession of the pole. In the festival, people pray to God and seek his blessings for a good harvest.


Garo Festival in Meghalaya:

               The Garo tribe also celebrates different festivals. Some of the Garo Festivals are:

  • Wangala Dance

  • Mangona or Chugana


Meghalaya Government:


  • Governor           -  Tathagata Roy

  • Chief Minister    -  Concrad Sangma

  • Capital                -  Shillong

  • Districts              -  11

  • Population           -  26.5 lakhs

  • Area                    -   22,720 Km2

  • GDP                   -   Rs. 0.330 lakh

                    Hope this article about Meghalaya is useful and informative for you all.

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